Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding. I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop... it was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.

Friday, 5 December 2014

More images of St Barbara

John Dillon has posted a rich and varied set of medieval images of St Barbara from both the western and eastern traditions on the Medieval Religion discussion group which will, I am sure be of interest to readers and which indicate the extent of devotion to her in the middle ages:

a) Barbara as depicted in an earlier eighth-century fresco in Rome's chiesa di Santa Maria Antiqua (grayscale view):

b) Barbara as depicted in the earlier eleventh-century mosaics (restored between 1953 and 1962) in the katholikon of the monastery of Hosios Loukas (St. Luke of Stiria) near Distomo in Phokis:

c) Barbara as depicted in an eleventh-century fresco in the chiesa di Santa Maria della Croce at Casaranello, a _frazione_ of Casarano (LE) in southern Apulia:

d) Barbara as depicted in the probably eleventh-century frescoes of the Grotta dei Santi at Calvi Risorta (CE) in northern Campania:

e) Barbara as depicted in a twelfth-century codex now in a library on Mt. Athos (cited at the Athonite site Pemptousia without further indication of location or shelfmark: <http://www.pemptousia.ro/2013/12/sfanta-mare-mucenita-varvara-4-decembrie/>):

f) Barbara as depicted in an early thirteenth-century fresco (1208) in the church of the monastery of St. Moses the Egyptian (Mar Musa al-Habashi) near near An-/Al-Nabk (a.k.a. Nebek) in Syria:

g) Barbara as depicted in the later thirteenth-century frescoes (1259) in the church of Sts. Nicholas and Panteleimon at Boyana near the Bulgarian capital of Sofia:

h) Barbara (at left, with Sts. Marina and Anastasia) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century (1280) wall paintings in the church of the Panagia in Moutoullas (Nicosia prefecture), Republic of Cyprus:

i) Barbara (at right; at left, St. Agnes) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century (ca. 1284-1290) Livre d'images de Madame Marie (Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 96r):

j) Barbara (lower register) as depicted in an early fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1307 and 1313) in the church of the Theotokos of Ljeviš in Prizren in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:
Closer view (Barbara alone):

k) Barbara as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (betw. ca. 1312 and 1321/1322) in the nave of the monastery church of the Theotokos at Gračanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:
Detail view:

l) Barbara's martyrdom as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1335) of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms Arsenal 5080, fol. 238r):

m) Barbara (at right; at left, St. Brice) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century glass window (ca. 1340) in the entrance hall -- an enclosed porch -- of the Basilika Mariä Himmelfahrt at Gurk (Kärnten):

n) Scenes from Barbara's Passio as depicted in the fourteenth-century paintings of the arcades of the apse of the église Notre-Dame at Savigny (Manche) in Normandy, once a dependency of the abbey of Sainte-Barbe-en-Auge (you may have to go through several menus to reach these):
Other views:

o) Barbara as portrayed in a relatively recently restored later fourteenth-century polychromed wooden statue (ca. 1380) from the church of Corpus Christi in Svaty Tomáš (Český Krumlov dist.) in the Czech Republic, now in the Regionální muzeum, Český Krumlov:

p) Barbara as depicted in the very late fourteenth-/early fifteenth-century Breviary of Martin of Aragon (Paris, BnF, ms. Rothschild 2529, fol. 414v):

q) Barbara (at right) as depicted in the Pähl Altarpiece (ca. 1400), now in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich:

r) Barbara as depicted by Jan van Eyck in an earlier fifteenth-century panel painting now in the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp:

s) Barbara as portrayed by Claus de Werve in an earlier fifteenth-century (ca. 1430) limestone statue, now in the Bode-Museum in Berlin:

t) Barbara as depicted on a surviving panel of the earlier fifteenth-century Triptych of Heinrich von Werl (1438) now in the Prado in Madrid:

u) Barbara (flanked by Sts. Felix and Adauctus) as depicted by Wilhelm Kalteysen of Aachen in the central panel of his mid-fifteenth-century St. Barbara Altarpiece (1447) in the National Museum, Warsaw:

v) Barbara as depicted in a fifteenth-century Novgorod School icon now in the State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow:

w) Barbara as depicted in a fifteenth-century wall painting in St Ethelbert's Church, Hessett (Suffolk):

x) Barbara as depicted in a fifteenth-century drawing now in the Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg (Handzeichnung H 2):

y) Barbara as depicted on the fifteenth-century chancel screen of St. Helen's, Ranworth (Norfolk):
Detail view:

z) Barbara as portrayed by the workshop of Niclaus Gerhaert of Leiden in a later fifteenth-century reliquary bust (ca. 1465) now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:

aa) Barbara as depicted by Domenico Ghirlandaio in a later fifteenth-century fresco (1471) in the pieve di Sant'Andrea at Sesto Fiorentino (FI) in Tuscany:

bb) Barbara (at right; at left, St. Catherine of Alexandria) flanking the BVM as depicted by Hans Memling in a late fifteenth-century panel painting (early 1480s) now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:

cc) Barbara as depicted in a late fifteenth-century fresco inside the Pfarrkirche St. Barbara in Abensberg (Lkr. Kelheim) in Bavaria:

dd) Barbara as portrayed in a late fifteenth-century statue (ca. 1480-1490) from Normandy, now in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (Musée de Cluny), Paris:

ee) Barbara as portrayed in a late fifteenth-century statue on the église Saint-Pantaléon in Troyes:

ff) Barbara as portrayed by the Flemish engraver Master FVB in a late fifteenth-century engraving now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:

gg) Barbara's martyrdom as depicted by Jerg Ratgeb on the central panel of his early sixteenth-century Barbara Altar (1510) in the Stadtkirche of Schwaigern (Lkr. Heilbronn), Baden-Württemberg:
Detail view:

hh) Barbara (at right; at left, St. Homobonus of Cremona) flanking the BVM and Christ Child on an early sixteenth-century relief (1511) for the former Ospedal dei Poveri Sartori at no. 4338 Fondamenta dei Sartori in Venice's _sestiere_ of Cannaregio:

ii) Barbara as portrayed in an early sixteenth-century reliquary statue (1514) from Gdansk, now in the Muzeum Diecezjalne in Pelplin:
Detail view:

jj) Barbara as portrayed, perh. by the maître de Mailly, in an earlier sixteenth-century sandstone statue (ca. 1525) in the église paroissiale de la Nativité et de l'Assomption de la Sainte-Vierge in Villeloup (Aube) [NB: the images on this page are all expandable]:

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