Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding. I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop... it was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.

Sunday, 1 June 2014



All three Limbourg brothers, Jean, Paul and Herman, are believed to have had a hand in producing this page, as well as, possibly, Jean Colombe, the artist who continued the work on the Book of Hours in the years 1485-89.

Here, as in the May page, is a depiction of a royal residence in central Paris but it is shown with a rural scene of hay making in the foreground. The buildings are the the Palais de la Cité with the Sainte Chapelle, which is clearly identifiable on the right. In addition to the Chapel considerable  parts of the other buildings still survive. This was the seat of much of the royal administration of Capetian and Valois France, although the King had largely given it up as a royal residence by this date in favour of the Louvre or other palaces.

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