Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding. I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop... it was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.

Wednesday, 27 October 2021

Twelfth century Crusaders were here

Further to the discovery of what may well be a crusader sword which was mentioned in the previous post and which is outlined on the Mail Online at Sword found by scuba diver may have been dropped by a Crusader knight
other archaeological finds from the twelfth century have occurred recently.

The first is what appears to be a clear identification of the site of the battle of Arsuf in 1191. LiveScience has a report at Crusader battlefield where 'Richard the Lionheart' defeated Muslims is unearthed in Israel
For more about the battle I would recommend John Gillingham’s Richard I in the Yale English Monarchs series.

The second discovery is in the Smithsonian Magazine and is of a Crusader campsite in the northern part of the Holy Land. The account is at Archaeologists in Israel Unearth Only Known Crusader Encampment

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