Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding.

I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop...
It was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.

Wednesday, 6 January 2016


To celebrate today's feast of the Epiphany here are the late medieval western depictions of the story of the visit of the Magi from a post by John Dillon on the Medieval Religion discussion group. I have chosen these because the Epiphany has produced so many images over the centuries that John's post would be too long to reproduce in extenso, and also reflecting my own particular interest in the later middle ages. The images can be seen in a larger size by clicking on the links at the bottom right

Scenes attributed to Giovanni da Modena in his early fifteenth-century frescoes (c. 1410) in the cappella Bolognini of Bologna's basilica di San Petronio:

1) The Magi see the star and depart [click on the image to expand it]:
2)  Adoration of the Magi:
3)  the Magi return by sea [click on the imag
e to expand it]:

The Adoration of the Magi by Conrad of Soest on a wing of the Marienaltar (c. 1420) in the Marienkirche, Dortmund

The Adoration of the Magi by Gentile da Fabriano in a panel painting (1423) in the Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

Adoration of the Magi) by Beato Angelico in a mid-fifteenth-century fresco (c. 1440-1441) in cell 39 of the convento (now Museo nazionale) di San Marco, Florence

The Adoration of the Magi) by Beato Angelico and Filippo Lippi in a mid-fifteenth-century panel painting (1440s or 1450s) in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
There is more about the painting at 

Adoration of the Magi by Andrea Mantegna in a panel painting on a retable of 1461. From the chapel of the Ducal palace at Mantua in the Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

The Adoration of the Magi depicted by the Elmelunde workshop in a later fifteenth-century vault fresco (c. 1480) in Tingsted kirke, Tingsted, Guldborgsund Kommune (Region Sjælland), Denmark

Panel - Adoration of the Magi

The Adoration of the Magi on a later fifteenth-century alabaster panel, presumably from an altarpiece, in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

The Adoration of the Magi by Jaume Huguet in a later fifteenth-century panel painting in the Museu d'Historia de la Ciutat, Barcelona

High relief  of the Adoration of the Magi by Pieter Dancart on his late fifteenth-century high altar (c. 1488) in Seville's catedral de Santa María de la Sede:

eeee) as portrayed in high relief (Adoration of the Magi) by Johann von Ach on the late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century portail Saint-Laurent of Strasbourg's cathédrale Notre-Dame:
For closer views, click on "statues" in the menu at right here:

As depicted by the Elmelunde Master in a painting (c. 1500) in Elmelunde kirke, Elmelunde (Vordingborg Kommune), Sjælland, Denmark

High relief  of the Adoration of the Magi by Tilman Riemenschneider in a limewood relief panel (between c. 1505 and c. 1510) in the British Museum, London

High relief of the Adoration of the Magi by Jehan Soulas in the initial panels (1519-1521) of the earlier sixteenth-century choir screen in Chartres cathedral

High relief  of the Adoration of the Magi by Miguel Perrin on the tympanum of the earlier sixteenth-century Puerta del los Palos (c. 1520) of Seville's catedral de Santa María de la Sede

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