Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding.

I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop...
It was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.


Sunday, 15 November 2015

St Albert the Great


Today would, had it not been a Sunday, have been the feast of St Albert the Great, and John Dillon has posted about him on the Medieval Religion discussion group as follows

The Swabian Albert of Lauingen (later Albert the Great; in Latin, Albertus Magnus) had been studying at Padua when in 1223 Bl. Jordan of Saxony accepted him into the Dominican Order. He completed his novitiate at Köln and then served as a lector in various houses in his order's German-speaking province. From 1243 to 1248 Albert studied and then taught at Paris. He returned to Köln in 1248 as head of his order's university there. In 1254 Albert was elected provincial of the aforementioned province. For the remainder of his life, though there were times when he was able to teach, he acted primarily as an ecclesiastical administrator. Consecrated bishop of Regensburg in 1260 at the behest of pope Alexander IV, he served unwillingly and returned to his order in 1262. As a papal legate in 1263 and 1264 he preached the Crusade in Germany and Bohemia. In 1274 he participated in the Second Council of Lyon.

Albert was a prolific author from early in his career until about ten years before his death in Köln in the year 1280. Like his student Thomas Aquinas, he wrote commentaries on the Bible in addition to a corpus of influential philosophical works that helped to define the medieval Christian reception of Aristotle. Albert was beatified in 1622 and canonized in 1931. His entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy begins here:http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/albert-great/

Albert's sarcophagus in Köln's Dominican church of Sankt Andreas:

 


Some period-pertinent images of Albertus Magnus:

a) as depicted in the opening initial of a late thirteenth-century copy of his De mineralibus (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 6514, fol. 1r):
http://tinyurl.com/yhpxef4

b) as depicted (mitred, sharing a book [the metaphoric Book of Nature?] with Aristotle) in the opening initial of a fourteenth-century copy of his De animalibus (c. 1334-1366; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 16169, fol. 2r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b85409542/f5.item.zoom
http://tinyurl.com/np8y4q2

c) as depicted by Tommaso da Modena in his mid-fourteenth-century portraits of Dominican worthies (1351/52) in the chapter room of the former Dominican convent (now a diocesan seminary) adjacent to the chiesa di San Nicolò at Treviso:

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/07_Alberto_Magno.jpg

d) as depicted by Hugo of Schleusingen in the Bartholomaeus Anglicus portion of a late fourteenth-century miscellany from Schmalkalden (1388; München, BSB, Clm 27029, fol. 88r):

 https://www.hs-augsburg.de/~harsch/Chronologia/Lspost13/AlbertusMagnus/alb_pman.jpg

http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00103280/image_179
There is a larger grayscale view in S. Foster Damon, "A Portrait of Albertus Magnus", Speculum 5, no. 1 (Jan., 1930), pp. 102-103.

e) as depicted by Beato Angelico in the roundels of Dominican worthies beneath his earlier fifteenth-century fresco (early 1440s) of the Crucifixion and Saints in the chapter room of the convento (now Museo nazionale) di San Marco in Florence:

 http://www.museobenozzogozzoli.it/filecomuni/38004_003.jpg


f) as depicted (upper register at far right, accompanying St. Thomas Aquinas; at left, Beatrice and Dante) by Giovanni di Paolo in a mid-fifteenth-century copy of the Divina Commedia (ca. 1450; London, BL, Yates Thompson 36, fol. 147r):

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Paradis_de_Dante_-_Premier_cercle_des_professeurs_du_royaume_%28miniatures_de_Giovanni_di_Paolo%2C_XVe_si%C3%A8cle%29.png


g) as depicted by someone in the circle of Friedrich Walther in a mid- or later fifteenth-century panel painting in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:

 Sermon of Saint Albertus Magnus


h) as depicted (lower register, centre right) with other physicians in a later fifteenth-century (c. 1471) copy of Giovanni Cadamosto, Libro de componere herbe et fructi (Paris, BnF, ms. Italien 1108, fol. 7v):

 


i) as depicted in a later fifteenth-century panel painting (c. 1476) variously attributed to Joos van Gent (Justus of Ghent, etc., etc.) or to Pedro Berruguete in the Galleria nazionale delle Marche in the ducal palace at Urbino:

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Alberto_Magn_(Alberto_Magno)_-_Studiolo_di_Federico_da_Montefeltro.jpg

On display (lower register, second from right) on the south wall of Federico da Montefeltro's studiolo:
http://www.gutenberg-e.org/kirkbride/detail/us_3_south_wall_men.html

j) as depicted (roundel in the right margin) by Gioacchino di Giovanni in a later fifteenth-century copy of Neapolitan origin of his De laudibus beate Mariae Virginis (1476; Valencia, Universitat de València, Biblioteca Històrica, BH ms. 399, fol. 1r):
http://tinyurl.com/qzt8z5h

k) as depicted by Nardo Rapicano in a later fifteenth-century copy of Neapolitan origin of his  De mirabili scientia Dei (c. 1484; Valencia, Universitat de València, Biblioteca Històrica, BH ms. 390, fol. 7r):
http://tinyurl.com/q9j6h39

l) as portrayed by Vincenzo Onofri in a late fifteenth-century bust (c. 1493) in the Museo civico medievale in Bologna:

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Vincenzo_onofri%2C_sant%27alberto_magno%2C_1493.JPG

http://tinyurl.com/q3ufjl7

m) as depicted (left margin) in a hand-coloured woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-centuryWeltchronik (Nuremberg Chronicle; 1493) at fol. CCXIIIIr:
http://www.beloit.edu/nuremberg/book/6th_age/right_page/117%20%28Folio%20CCXIIIIr%29.pdf

n) as depicted (at left; at right, Bl. John Duns Scotus) by Amico Aspertini in an earlier sixteenth-century panel painting (1521) in the Pinacoteca civica in Como:

 http://cultura.comune.como.it/uploads/images/prestiti/dipinti/P594_A.%20Aspertini,%20Ritratto%20di%20Alberto%20Magno%20e%20Duns%20Scoto.jpg

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