Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding.

I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop...
It was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.


Friday, 29 May 2015

The Coronation of King Charles X in 1825



190 years ago, on May 29th 1825, there took place the coronation of King Charles X in the cathedral at Rheims. Fify years earlier, and a world away, his elder brother King Louis XVI had been anointed and crowned at Rheims. Now in a true spirit of restoration once more a King of France approached his sacre. In style and splendour the Coronation was similar to that of King George IV at Westminster in 1821. They can both be seen as part of that awakening interest in medieval culture across western Europe at the time. For an introduction to the history of the ceremonial see the online article Coronation of the French monarch.




The Coronation of King Charles X
The homage of the Dauphin
François Gérard, 1827. Palace of Tau, Rheims

Image:Wikimedia

France, Dauphin's Crown, 1823Dauphin Crowns, Dauphin Louis, Royal Crowns, Diadem Crowns Tiaras, Louis Antoine, 1825, Crowns Jewels French, France, Royal Jewels

The Crown of the Dauiphin, Louis Antoine, Duke of Angouleme, and later the de jure King Louis XIXwhich he wore at his father's Coronation in 1825. The crown was apparently made in 1823.

Image:pinterest.com

There are pictures of some of  the liturgical vessels and robes and other insignia used at the Coronation, such as the Chancellor's mace which are now preserved in the Tau Palace adjoining the cathedral at the website Charles X, The Last Coronation. Tau Palace, Reims, [traveltoeat.com/charles-x-the-last-coronation-tau-palace-reims-france/} - but the link appears unstable.

For the Coronation a new state coach was made, and which today can be seen at Versailles..

The coronation coach of Charles X (otherwise know as Charles Philippe, the comte d'Artois)

  The Coronation Coach of King Charles X

Image:vivelareine.tumblr.com 
 
There is a video about it on the website at The Coronation Coach of Charles X - 1825, with some details about it and its subsequent history at Close-up on the Coronation Coach of Charles X - 1825. There are more pictures of the coach and other French royal coaches, including the very impressive funeral coach made for the body of King Louis XVIII in 1824, here.



The entry of Charles X into Paris after his coronation on June 6, 1825Louis François Lejene

The entry of King Charles X into Paris on June 6th 1825 following his coronation

Louis François Lejene


Image:vivelareine.tumblr.com 

A British link with the coronation can still be seen at Alnwick castle in Northumbertland:

The Percy family State Carriage - a luxurious state coach which once carried the 3rd Duke of Northumberland as George IV's personal representative to the coronation of Charles X in France in 1825.  It was repainted in 1902 for use at the coronation of King Edward VII, and was beautifully restored in 2011 for the wedding of the present Duke's eldest daughter, Katie.  Lady Katie's wedding dress is also on display in the coach house.  The coach was used again in June 2013 for the wedding of the Duke's youngest daughter, Lady Melissa, to Thomas van Straubenzee.

The Percy family State Carriage which carried the third Duke of Northumberland as KingGeorge IV’s personal representative at the coronation of King Charles X.

It was repainted in 1902 for use at the coronation of King Edward VII, and was beautifully restored in 2011 for the wedding of the present Duke’s eldest daughter, Katie. The coach was used again in June 2013 for the wedding of the Duke’s youngest daughter, Lady Melissa, to Thomas van Straubenzee.



Image: bikernz.wordpress.com

I am. of course, awaiting the next coronation of a King of France at Rheims.


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