Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding.

I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop...
It was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.


Saturday, 17 May 2014

Bicentenary of the Norwegian Constitution


Today is the bicentenary of the Norwegian Constitution, agreed at Eidsvoll in 1814 under the short-lived rule of King Christian Frederick - later King Christian VIII of Denmark.

The Consititution, amended over the years but still the same basic text is the second oldest written constitution still in force - that of the United States being the oldest. In Europe only those of Poland composed in 1792, of revolutionary France and the Cadiz Constitution of 1812 for Spain are older, but no longer in force. Unlike the other Scandinavian monarchies whose constitution are agreements on how the country is governed under the Crown rather than complete codes of governance Norway followed a more radical route which has seemingly served it well, both before the 1905 proclamation of independence from the rule of the Swedish dynasty under King Oscar II and then under King Haakon VII and his descendents since 1906.

There is an online article about the constitution at Constitution of Norway and the full text can be read at The Constitution - Complete text - Stortinget.

There is a Norwegian government website article about it at  Why we celebrate 200 years of the Norwegian Constitution and there is information about the annual celebrations at Norwegian Constitution Day - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is then an opportunity to express greetings and good wishes to my Norwegian friends both in Norway and in the UK and to wish them a very happy Constition Day.

File:Royal Arms of Norway.svg

Arms of the King of Norway

Image: Wikipedia


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